NZD 20 | Bank Note | Twenty Dollar | Kae Kae | CurrencyStackerKK | New Zealand | Oceania
20 New Zealand Dollar
The New Zealand Dollar (sign: $; code: NZD, also abbreviated NZ$) (Māori: tāra o Aotearoa) is the official currency and legal tender of New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, the Ross Dependency, Tokelau, and a British territory, the Pitcairn Islands. Within New Zealand, it is almost always abbreviated with the dollar sign ($), with “NZ$” sometimes used to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. In the context of currency trading, it is rarely informally called the “Kiwi” or “Kiwi dollar”, since New Zealand is commonly associated with the kiwi and the one-dollar coin depicts the indigenous bird on its reverse. Introduced in 1967, the dollar is subdivided into 100 cents. Altogether there are ten denominations—five coins and five banknotes—with the smallest being the 10-cent coin. Formerly there were lower denominations, but those were discontinued due to inflation and production costs. The New Zealand dollar is the eleventh most traded currency in the world, representing 2.1% of the global foreign exchange market daily turnover in 2019.
Prior to the introduction of the New Zealand dollar in 1967, the New Zealand pound was the currency of New Zealand, which had been distinct from the pound sterling since 1933. The pound used the £sd system, in which the pound was divided into 20 shillings and one shilling was divided into 12 pence, a system which by the 1950s was considered complicated and cumbersome.
On Monday 10 July 1967 (“Decimal Currency Day”), the New Zealand dollar was introduced to replace the pound at a rate of two dollars to one pound (one dollar to ten shillings, ten cents to one shilling, 5⁄6 cent to a penny). Some 27 million new banknotes were printed and 165 million new coins were minted for the changeover.
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